di sabato 16 novembre 2019
A Radiocarbon Date from the Wall Plasterof Enclosure D of G÷bekli Tepe
di Oliver Dietrich & Klaus Schmidt

The PPN settlement of Göbekli Tepe in southeasternTurkey has delivered the oldest examples of religiousmonumental architecture known so far. The archaeo-logical dating of the sites´ two main layers is quiteclear. The oldest Layer III, which contains the well-known circular enclosures formed by T-shaped pillarsgathered around a pair of bigger central pillars can bedated to the PPNA through lithic nds comprising pro- jectile points mainly of the Nemrik and Helwan types.The superimposing Layer II with its smaller, rectan-gular rooms often containing only two, considerablysmaller central pillars, or none at all, is characterisedespecially by Byblos and a few Nevalı Çori type pro- jectile points dating to the early and middle PPNB. LatePPNB nds are absent from Göbekli Tepe. Concerningthe momentary state of the radiocarbon chronology for the Pre-Pottery Neolithic, one would expect a durationof 9600–8800 calBC for the PPNA complexes of Layer III and 8800–8200 calBC for the EPPNB / MPPNBactivities in Layer II, respectively.But, as a recent review of the data available shows,a bigger part of them is biased by methodological prob-lems,  [...]

leggi l'articolo integrale su
SCHEDA LIBRO   |   Stampa   |   Segnala  |  Ufficio Stampa