di mercoledý 27 novembre 2019
Animals in the symbolic world of Pre-PotteryNeolithic G÷bekli Tepe, south-eastern Turkey:a preliminary assessment
di Joris PETERS, Klaus SCHMIDT

The recently discovered Pre-Pottery Neolithic site of Göbekli Tepe (SE-Turkey) is unparalleled in its architecture and art. The latter is particularly rich in animal depictions — stone figurines, sculptures and megalithic pillarsdecorated with bas-reliefs — and illustrates the prominent role animalsplayed in the spiritual world of PPN human groups frequenting the site. Upto now, ten vertebrate taxa could be identified, nine of which also appeared inthe archaeofaunal record of the site. Discussion focussed upon the possiblerole of the animal species figured at Göbekli Tepe, in particular whether thespace demarcated by the pillars could have witnessed the performance of hunting rituals, initiation and passage rites, spiritual encounters or funeralpractices. In view of our limited knowledge about the role animals played inthe symbolic world of the PPN, in particular with respect to the logic andmetaphysics governing the choice of species, the question of what purpose theenclosures served will take much more time to be properly answered.

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