di domenica 1 dicembre 2019
What modern lifestyles owe to Neolithic feast.
The early mountain sanctuary at G÷bekli Tepe and the onset of food-production
di ăiğdem K÷ksal-Schmidt, Jens Notroff, Oliver Dietrich

About 15 kilometres to the northeast of the modern metropolis of Sanlýurfa in southeastern Turkey, the tell of Göbekli Tepe is situated on the highest point of the barren Germuþ mountain range. The mound, with a height of 15 metres and an area of about 9 hectares, is completely man-made – covering what has to be considered the earliest yet known cult architecture constructed by man, raised by intentionally burying it about 10,000 years ago. These buildings represent monumental enclosures constructed by hunter- gatherer groups during the so-called Pre-Pottery Neolithic (or in short: PPN) period after the last Ice Age – architecture even predating the invention of pottery. Neolithic traces in form of huge amounts of flint flakes, chips, and tools were first recognized and described at Göbekli in the course of a combined survey by the Universities of Istanbul and Chicago in the 1960s, but the monumental architecture the mound was hiding remained unrecognized until its discovery in 1994 by Klaus Schmidt. Since then, annual excavation work has been conducted. During more than 20 years of field research – which is still ongoing – an impressi  [...]

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